Group 2 – Erosion and Watershed Management Institutions and Information Services
|Issue||Recommendations||Proposed Actions||Responsibility||Timetable||Reallocation Implications?|
|1. Lack of clarity among many stakeholders (SPMUs, communities and community groups, FPMU, FONGOs, consultants and contractors) about the underlying concepts, objectives and functioning of this sub-component, and lines of communication
|• Re-orient key stakeholders on sub-component 1.B to better support catchment planning and actions at different scales and how this differs from livelihood development, importance of hydro-met data for catchment planning, management and modelling.
• Improve lines of communication between contractors, SPMU, FPMU with technical information
|• Distribute copies of the Project Implementation Manual and the PAD in hard and soft copy to stakeholders
• Plan and deliver training for relevant stakeholders at federal, state and community level to:
o Provide basic training courses on catchment management, hydro-met, etc., and other key topics;
o Execute orientation training on sub-component goals, activities, costs and financing through sub-grants, and implementation arrangements
• Review and synergize communication protocols between key stakeholders and revise as needed to improve efficiency and reduce delays
FPMU to design materials, program and contract consultants.
FPMU expert with SPMU, FONGOs and contractors
Completed by end of July 2016 and ongoing as new states enter project
Start immediately, complete within 1 month
|2. Capacity of key institutions is not adequate to effectively execute required catchment management work with planning, implementation and technical oversight
|• Strengthen staffing levels in SPMUs
• FONGOs to have wider technical staff skills in forestry and bio-remediation, and hydrology
• Strengthen capacity in FPMU to support state and local stakeholders
• Review operating budgets of SPMUs to ensure adequate resources for field officers to travel to the field regularly
|• SPMUs to have the following field officers:
o Natural Resources or Watershed Specialist with strong expertise in agronomy and bio-remediation
o Water Resources Specialist with strong expertise in hydrology
• Training courses for FONGO staff in selected technical areas.
• Undertake capacity review in FPMU to identify gaps, etc.
• SPMU operating budget for field work should be reviewed
|SPMU through the project
FPMU to hire suitable agency
FPMU with SPMUs
|Start process immediately
Start March or April
Complete by end of April
Completed as soon as possible to coincide with workplan preparation
|3. Inadequate planning, sequencing and implementation of vegetative measures directly on gully sites and along drainage areas.
|• Better integration of bio-remediation into gully restoration process
• Promote local nurseries where possible and allow one year for stock to grow
• Integrate bio-remediation into Community Action Plans
|• Strengthen information in engineering designs on area requiring bio-remediation, species needed, supply source, timing, etc.
• Help contractors identify local nurseries for short-term needs. For longer-term, promote nurseries as part of livelihoods
• Train local stakeholders, including communities and engineers, on bio-remediation
|Contractors with oversight with SPMU
SPMU, forestry and agriculture departments. Community to do the planting
SPMU with departments of forestry, agriculture and water resources
|This should now be mandatory for all new designs
For new designs, immediately after contract signing
As part of initial sensitization and capacity building by SPMU and FONGOs
|4. Need to develop larger-scale sub-catchment plans to guide lower level, smaller scale action plans for soil and water conservation in the broader area beyond the gully that is being rehabilitated. This is especially important for new states coming into the project.
|• Develop better approach for integrated land and water assessment and planning:
o State wide gully and erosion risk maps to identify priority catchments with suitable digital images and digital elevation modelling
o More detailed assessment and planning in priority catchments using high resolution images
o Local action plans for areas surrounding gullies, agricultural areas, etc. completed
• Expand coverage of the hydro-met instrumentation for all NEWMAP participating states.
• Develop functioning data portal to support all project activities, including catchment planning, management and monitoring, and knowledge sharing.
|• Complete state assessments and mapping and link to 2.A.7. along with increased budgets for 2.A.7.
• Complete sub-catchment assessment and plans BEFORE local action plans and in parallel to gully restoration planning and design
• Involve technical officers from local councils and all contractors in Community Action Planning
• For new states and new sites in original states, start broader catchment assessment and planning work in parallel with gully restoration
Acquire additional equipment for the Benin-Owena sub-basin and the new states.
• Link to 2.A.6.1 and ensure adequate budgets
• Security clearance for ortho-photo flights in new states
• Discuss contracting drones for imaging work from Nigerian Air Force
|SPMU with backstopping from FPMU
SPMU with support from FPMU
FPMU to lead
FPMU and SPMU
In progress with FPMU
|Two weeks per state, before planning work starts
Ongoing task for all states
Urgent to get portal work started under Component 2.A.6.1
5. As the project expands to other states in northern and southern regions, there is a need more flexible project approach to account for differences in erosion and land degradation causes.
|• Provide broader training to state level stakeholders for example including:
o Catchment planning and agricultural runoff,
o Community Development,
o Urban Storm management and pollution,
o Hydrological monitoring,
o Maintenance of biodiversity
|• Develop training material and modules that will address specific topics in northern and southern states, along with common issues
• Deliver training courses as part of orientation in new states, and as refreshers in pioneer states
|FPMU to lead
FPMU and consultants
As soon training material are completed